BIRCH FIRCREST HOUSE
Speranza Architecture + Urban Design
Increasing prices for developeable parcels within Eugene, Oregon’s urban growth boundary and the irregular climactic condition of a steeply sloped east facing site created the opportunity to test human-scaled design. The key design research used climate data collected on-site using CSV and GIS overlapped database for both geographic and climactic information. This data would effect: 1) building form, 2) solar stack effect and chimney for cooling; 3) window locations and 4) vegetation for southern light filtration.
The design process began first at the scale of building form carving the base of the house volume back to both 1) unblock to the eastern view to the South Sister Cascade Mountain view and 2) carve out south facing exterior space in this narrow urban. A grid of points was established and z-coordinates gathered at 10 foot intervals and entered into the geospatial database. This combined with a geotechnical survey and new test holes built a precise 3D model of both the existing terrain and basalt pinning location below. A solar chimney was designed to draw cool air across the 3rd floor living space and flush out above the 4th floor clearstory. Rhino Grasshopper’s radiance plugin Ladybug was used to test various carving angles to balance maximum 3D cantilevered pinning the other rock below and minimize southern radiation in summer months. Lastly, an array Arduino sensor prototypes was deployed across the site to demonstrate the value differences, across 1) space and 2) time of day, of temperature, humidity, light and sound pollution, human-scaled differences not capable within the Ladybug radiance type information from the nearby airport EPW weather data. The data proved that temperature and sound differences existed within the resolution of 10 or fewer feet The results effected design decisions for 1) locations of operable windows and triple glazed sound insulation, and 2) location and species selection of property edge tree planting for both shading and screening.
Jury's Comments: “While bold in form, the strength of this house design derives from careful analysis of its site and environmental factors. In plan, section, and elevation the house’s design is consistent in its formal response. The jury is still out on the proposed exterior siding material, window size and placements, and site material treatments. These need careful consideration to achieve a holistic expression of distant and internal relationships.”